A key parameter for making implant surgery possible is the quantity and quality of available bone tissue.
In the upper arch, the loss of dental elements can be associated with the enlargement of the maxillary sinus with consequent reduction of the bone available for implant placement.
The maxillary sinus lift is a surgical technique that consists of bone particles graft into the maxillary sinus with consequent bone growth for the insertion of dental implants.
Deformations of the edentulous ridges of the upper or lower arch may also compromise implant placement.
The reconstruction of the lost bone structure can occur in these cases with various techniques: block bone grafts, guided regeneration with membranes, bone expansion and growth factors.
Reconstructive surgery is necessary not only in case of bone deficiency but also when bone atrophy can compromise the aesthetic of the smile and the maintenance of dental implants over time.
What are the benefits of “bone grafts”?
Thanks to modern bone regeneration techniques it is now possible to reconstruct even the most severe atrophic bone thus allowing implant insertion even in very complex cases. The post-operative discomfort is minimal and the day after the patient can resume normal work even if with some precaution.
SOFT TISSUE GRAFT
The soft tissue grafts (generally taken from intra-oral areas) can be used to cover the exposed roots following gingival recessions but also to rebuild the tissue that has been lost due to destructive pathologies.
Sometimes soft tissue surgery is also necessary to create a good quality tissue around dental implants in order to improve its long-term prognosis.
Even in aesthetic surgery the gingival grafts can recreate the harmony and natural appearence of the forms so as to make a smile as natural as possible even after very serious pathological processes.
The intervention is almost painless and there is no possibility of rejection or transmission of infectious diseases such as AIDS and hepatitis. The tissue taken from the donor area spontaneously reforms in a few weeks.
What are the benefits of “gingival grafts”?
The soft tissue graft reconstructs lost tissue and prevents further progression of the gingival recession and alveolar bone. Gingival grafts reduce dentinal sensitivity and prevent the formation of root caries. Not least, they improve the aesthetic appearance of the gingival line and of the smile.